Therefore, “White trips in which no sunrays stands out” anatomises “thighs”, “eyes”, “rod”, “sockets”, “bone”, “skinning gales”, “lids” (Thomas 1993a: 23–۴)

  • ۱۳ بازدید

Therefore, “White trips in which no sunrays stands out” anatomises “thighs”, “eyes”, “rod”, “sockets”, “bone”, “skinning gales”, “lids” (Thomas 1993a: 23–۴)

uterus is a good “town of ghosts” into the “The seeds at the no”). Libido are inscribed regarding the different their repression, but as opposed to new Nation poets, Thomas doesn’t in person indict this type of variations and that, inside the Wales, are mainly those of Nonconformism. Instead, the latest socio-ideological requirements accountable for distortion change the newest hereditary textures of your poems on their own due to the fact pulpit rhythms, Biblical records and you can a keen apocalyptic pictures regarding stressed, damage, demise, and dark. There can be to be no facile taimi zarejestruj siÄ™ separation and “treatment” of repressions; on such as for example affairs Thomas is practically a beneficial Bataillean-Foucauldian thought of notice due to the fact developed by repression. Inside the Thomas’s metaphysic from “process”, the organizations try interlinked and you will subject to continuous change; post-Darwinian biology try topic within its turn to the fresh physics from the theory from Relativity, and you will a great market in which production was depletion, delivery ‘s the start of dying (a “environmentally friendly many years”), and the like.12 Noun frequently becomes verb into the Thomas that it is tempting to see this kind of wordplay as a term out of Einstein’s theorum that all matter are energy, and you will the other way around (“the latest brawned womb’s weathers”, “cargoed oranges”, and the like) (Thomas 1993a: 7). According to which, Thomas’s scam/joins says where body’s undergoing limit actual transformations – the fresh new foetal phase and you can beginning alone, hormonally-energized puberty, climax, and you can death – and this can be shown from the poems with techniques that produce her or him identical away from both. Yet , when it comes down to continuities, you itself is always disconnected, itemised for the a form of modernistGothic blazon away from bloodstream, bones, tresses, veins, cardio, nerve, head, gland, attention, “worm” (penis), “fig” (vagina), head, muscle mass, eye, hands (‘Brand new give one signed the brand new report” imagines a give because an independent, tyrannical agent). Eg physical fragmentation is even an effective Surrealist feature, however: “[l]ike Bakhtin’s grotesque system, centered on continuously, mutability together with “ticket from sheer bodies”, while the Elza Adamowicz (2005: 183) writes from Ernst’s collages, “these parts of the body meet or exceed the anatomical constraints and be most other”. You is a great Frankenstein-such as for example assemblage from bits: “tresses and you will limbs […] attached in my experience by courage and you can notice”, a mere “flask regarding amount” (Thomas 1993a: 9). Parts of the body is actually defamiliarized, distanced of people

This will be more critical, In my opinion, as compared to fundamental section generated on Thomas’s work, you to definitely humans are less on their sexual organs

handling subjectivity, from the euphemism and you can grotesquerie: this, for example, is intimate congress: A stalk cementing, wrestled up the tower, Flower maid and you may male, Otherwise, masted venus, from paddlers pan Sailed within the sun. (Thomas 1993a: 47)

Therefore, i stumble on photos which is blatantly Freudian – maternal otherwise intimately fecund waters, phallic towers of male ego, doppelgangerlike “doubles” and you will “fellows” – and yet this is exactly countered in other places because of the a great refusal to experience the video game

Inexorably gripped from the techniques, these pieces are not discontinuous. Such as the Freudian unconscious, he could be eternal and you may inconsistent. Thomas, too, understands feel as the “fundamentally carried on”, since Peter Nicholls cards of one’s really works of your own Surrealists, in which he shares its delight in “unbroken contiguity [which] differentiates [their work] not simply off imaginary reality as well as off forms of modernist montage […] hence […] seek to make space between points the answer to certain mysterious plenitude” (Nicholls 1995: 2845). Thomas’s tend to contorted, but usually continued syntax does not enable such as for instance spaces, as well as “plenitudes” try “mysterious” in almost any, grosser, suggests. As well, though his work can be viewed from inside the an effective Freudian matrix – figures regarding confinement, castration, burst and the like, constantly clue on they – Thomas is by no form a great Freudian as a result. That is, if you’re invoking classical Freudian scenarios, the poems constantly annoy them; the circularity suppresses procedures, let alone reduce. In the event the he may feel said to have made a “Freudian exemplar regarding himself”, inside Stewart Crehan’s terms, new move are tactical, a form of subaltern mockery rather than a strategic position (Crehan 2001: 58). If having Freud, since the Elder Olson (1954: 6) cards, “fresh fruit symbolizes the female nipple and you may needless to say does not signify kiddies, it’s basically a kid-symbol having Thomas”; furthermore, this new picture out of “caves, places of worship and you can chapels” with “the female genitalia” is missed from inside the Thomas whom uses this type of, respectively, so you can symbolise the inner thinking and you can destroyed, pristine faiths. Even if Crehan, in an exceptionally informative essay, work hard to substantiate a rivalry anywhere between Thomas with his dad, the newest poems chat maybe not off murderous Oedipal competition and bitterness thus much as gratitude to possess something special inherited and you will shame into dad’s failure: “An old, annoyed child nonetheless hiking in the ghost, / My father’s ghost is actually hiking in the rain”

محمد رضا شریفی
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